ludwigia peruensis emersed

All rights reserved. It's under a 55w light with CO2, base and liquid fert. Ludwigia Peruensis/Gladulosa var. You have been logged out successfully! Ludwigia Peruensis (Ludwigia peruensis aka Ludwigia glandulosa) $3.99. It's common to bunch Recommended water hardness (dGH): 4 - 18°N (71.43 - 321.43ppm) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F. Its … Ludwigia Peruensis (Ludwigia peruensis aka Ludwigia glandulosa) $3.99. Ludwigia Sp. Rubin can be grown low tech but is a little moody about changing conditions. Used to be sold as Ludwigia perennis. the petals of helminthorrhiza are white with yellow claw, those of "Marilia" (my link further above) entirely yellow, and according to that photo, it seems to develop considerably narrower leaves on emersed shoots than helminthorrhiza. I'm not sure if they were grown emersed. Ludwigia species are a mainstay in the aquascape. L. glandulosa has lanceolate alternate leaves (1 leaf per node). CO2 injection, iron, and a The addition of a CO2 system will benefit the growth rate a lot. ? In contrast to other Ludwigias, it develops upright, little branched, strong submerged stems that … External aquarium filters usually contain more space for filtration media, thus they’re more effective than internal aquarium filters. It is often erroneously labeled as "Ludwigia perennis" or "Ludwigia peruensis" in trade. Really delete this page from the database? Over the last week, I have lost 2 of the 7 individual plants and the remaining 5 lost most of the bottom leaves. Latin Name: Ludwigia Glandulosa (L. Perennis, L. Peruensis) Propagation: Cuttings. Family: Onagraceae. Diamond lud There are many species, some large and shrubby, and some small and floating. Ludwigia repens jest piękną, szybko rosnącą rośliną akwariową. It can also be grown fully submerged or emersed and can tolerate temperatures up to 78 degrees. Jual … pedicels ca. Their vivid color creates a superb focal point. Scientific name: Ludwigia palustris. Copyright © 2020 Jacob’s Aquarium® is a registered trademark. Is taking a 3 inch cutting with no roots and sticking it in … Liście o długości 2 - 4 cm i szerokości 1,8 - 3 cm, szeroko lancetowate do okrągłych, barwy oliwkowo-zielonej z czerwonym spodem. Informacje o Ludwigia peruensis (koszyk). In ideal conditions these plants’ leaves are green on top and red underneath, adding a stunning dimension to the mid-ground of almost any aquascape. Cavan, however what I know as Ludwigia helminthorrhiza from cultivation differs a lot from the "Marilia". Ludwigia is a favorite plant and welcome addition to any aquarium environment if utilized properly. Stem plants like these are typically sold as is, without roots or so minimal. Diamond Ludwigia is a less common ludwigia variation with very unique coloration. Ludwigia peruensis • Rośliny akwariowe • pliki użytkownika rybaza przechowywane w serwisie Chomikuj.pl • LudwPeru x.JPG, Ludwigia peruensis x.JPG This perennial herb used to grow naturally in emersed and submersed forms. Your message has been sent, thanks a lot! Scientific name Ludwigia Peruensis, is a great intermediate plant that’s considered fairly easy to grow. It prefers bright areas of an aquarium and it’s slow growing stem’s produc With moderate light, it will grow into a plant with green, needle-like leaves and a red stem, while intense light will give the leaves a lovely golden color. Very healthy, a few roots, but completely green. Piękna roślina o bogato czerwonym kolorze. It is slow growing and requires CO2 addition to grow well. When grown submersed, leaves are narrower and longer in a reddish-brown color. Many aquatic plants will only flower emersed grown but there are exceptions and we will see some plants bloom underwater. I have 2 juvenile amazon swords, some bronze crypts, some ludwigia, and some rotala.I know that most of these can be grown emersed. Always make sure that the stem is not crushed while doing this and in a few weeks the cutting should have grown a decent root system. It prefers bright areas of an aquarium and it’s very slow gr Similar Threads - Peruensis Happy . And finally, there are those plants that grow erect, strictly emersed, and become at least semi-woody. Each one being six inches tall or taller. Have you forgotten your password or username? They commonly grow in shallow marshy areas, borrow pits and ditches. Please, verify whether your login and password are valid. As with many plants the stronger the … Při pěstování při slabším světle svojí výraznou červenou barvu ztrácí a začíná převládat zelená. In ideal conditions these plants’ leaves are green on top and red underneath, adding a stunning dimension to the … L. mullertii se pěstuje stejně jako L. repens, ale vyžaduje více světla. The page has been created, you will now be redirected! Aquarium Plants Live Aquarium Plants | Ludwigia Peruensis Peruvian Ludwigia Save 10% 4+ SD-2 {ship Mon-wed } ... Usually when I bring in Ludwigia like this they are always sent emersed. Ludwigia Repens is an attractive aquatic trailing plant, grown either partially submerged or fully submerged in the water column. Midground to Background. Box 3000, Bryan, Texas 77805. Ludwigia inclinata var. In ideal conditions these plants’ leaves are green on top and red underneath, adding a stunning dimension to the mid-ground of almost any aquascape. Ludwigia Natans AKA Ludwigia Super Red is an easy plant to keep that adds movement and color to any planted tank. Ludwigia repens rośnie nawet przy umiarkowanym oświetleniu, chociaż czerwony kolor staje się mniej intensywny. Ludwigia inclinata var. It will be in a window that receives lots and lots of sunlight. Each bunch comes with a weight that will secure them when placed underwater. Propagation can be achieved by simply cutting a section off the top of an established stem and planting the cutting in your substrate. Ludwigia peruensis jest przepiękną rośliną z rodziny "czerwonych". K love 260 views. The foliage has a dark red stem and needle-like shaped leaves that can either be green or red. Scientific name: Ludwigia peruensis. Remove the bottom two pairs of leaves and carefully place the stem into the substrate. I have three questions: 1. The reason why no discussion is allowed here is this page is too general. You may have received emersed grown plants, which had to change over to submersed form. 26 degrees is fine however the higher the temp the more difficult to grow this plant will become. The leaves turn greener and the lower ones may fall off if sufficient light is not provided. Click here to recover it! Native to North America, where it grows on banks of waterways. The top of the leaves are typically olive green in color, whereas the undersides are reddish-brown to deep red. Not recommend for tanks with large fish, such as goldfish or cichlids. Ludwigia Sp. Aquarium plant factory Ludwigia Peruensis unboxing - Duration: 2:16. Selected comment has been removed successfully! They flower in all seasons except winter. Ludwigia glandulosa from North America is a very beautiful water plant. Ludwigia Peruensis, or Ludwigia glandulosa, is a beautiful amphibious plant that will grow either partially or fully submersed. Intense red color will show in this plant if the ideal conditions are provided. If allowed to grow above the water surface it will develop yellow flowers which will drop seeds if pollinated but this can be extremely difficult for inexperienced growers and cuttings are by far the easiest method to obtain extra plants from the mother plant. And what is the best method?? 'Cuba') is a beautiful, showy, large stem plant which grows both submersed and emersed in swamps on the Isle of Youth, a small island off the southwestern coast of Cuba. Page has been saved, refresh it now, please! Over the last week, I have lost 2 of the 7 individual plants and the remaining 5 lost most of the bottom leaves. Ludwigia Peruensis, or Ludwigia glandulosa, is a beautiful amphibious plant that will grow either partially or fully submersed.In its fully submersed form, its spade-shaped leaves range in color from dark green to brownish-red. Stems may or may not contain roots. Common Name: Diamond Ludwigia Diamond Ludwigia is a less common ludwigia variation with very unique coloration. Family Name: Onagraceae Origin: Cosmopolitan Ludwigia Natans Super Red, also known as Ludwigia Palustris, is a vibrant aquatic plant that will add striking dimension and contrast to the mid- or background of an aquarium. This plant is propagated by taking cuttings. It is also unique in that it does not produce side stems like its close relatives and instead will grow straight upward past the water line if it is not trimmed. It is very easily done by snipping off one of the lateral shoots with sharp scissors. Ludwigia peruensis - RA koszyk XXL. The leaves turn greener if sufficient light is not provided. KH274. White or bright gravel might reflect light so much that some fish will feel uncomfortable. Red Star Ludwigia (Ludwigia glandulosa AKA L. peruensis) is a very attractive plant that can achieve complete deep red coloration, even more so than most other Ludwigia species. Get notified by email when this product is back in stock. Ludwigia Sp. Following symbol denotes required fields -. When fully submersed it will not flower but it will retain the reddish colouration in the leaves if the lighting levels are bright enough. I have just started to use Flourish Comprehensive Supplement (2nd dose). While there is a wealth of information about what aquatic plants do best fully submerged, the same cannot be said for marginal or emersed species. … Dennerle Ludwigia repens 'Rubin' €6.09. Usual maximum size in aquariums: 40 - 55 cm (15.75 - 21.65 inch), Recommended pH range for the species: 6.5 - 7.4, Recommended water hardness (dGH): 4 - 18°N (71.43 - 321.43ppm), Recommended temperature: 22 - 28 °C (71.6 - 82.4°F). Propagation can be achieved by simply cutting a section off the top of an established stem and planting the cutting in your substrate. This plant displays a beautiful colouration when cared for correctly with the upper leaves developing a dark green colouration while the undersides of the leaves will display a red colouration. The larger species, such as the robust L. peruensis or the elegant L. longifolia, grow to several feet tall and can produce wild messes of tangled stems that reach 10 or 12 feet in length. Their vivid color creates a superb focal point. This plant is sold as stem cuttings wrapped up in a bundle and we guarantee you will receive three or more stems. Unfortunately questions regarding fish, plants, diseases or tank setup will be ignored if submitted via the form below! Te mozna na nowo posadzić w podłożu. Ludwigia inclinata var. The top of the leaves are typically olive green in color, whereas the undersides are reddish-brown to deep red. When it grows on wetlands (emersed) it has prostrated to branch out while on its submerged state, the growth habit is ascending. Recommended temperature: 15 - 25 °C (59 - 77°F) Ludwigia Peruensis, or Ludwigia glandulosa, is a beautiful amphibious plant that will grow either partially or fully submersed.In its fully submersed form, its spade-shaped leaves range in color from dark green to brownish-red. This plant grows well in the aquarium but it is found in its native countries on the banks of the local waterways where it produces bright yellow flowers. Przycinanie rośliny wzmaga jej rozrost na boki przez co jest pełniejsza i lepiej się prezentuje. Live Aquarium Plants | Ludwigia Peruensis Peruvian Ludwigia Save 10% 4+ SD-2 {ship Mon-wed } (1 review) Write a Review Write a Review. Ludwigia perennis jest nową rośliną akwariową z rodziny glandulosa. Loss of colour and flimsy growth could show that the lighting system is not powerful enough to aid the growth, lack of nutrients could also be the cause but the lighting levels is the normal culprit. Ludwigia glandulosa from North America is a very beautiful water plant. Deciding on plant selections for creating ‘wabi kusa’ displays and emergent growth in an aquascape can seem difficult. Data zakończenia 2016-01-24 - cena 17,99 zł Make sure your email address is valid, please! Really delete this comment from the site? Roślina Akwariowa Ludwigia Repens - Ludwigia repens - Rozmnażanie roślin akwariowych. Can someone please explain how a. Login and password don't match any record in our database! The green leaves will eventually tur… If eggs of your fish turn white, it usually means they’ve not been fertilised. Trim the top and plant the top in again from 4inch, soon to be 10inch but still look like emersed form. glandulosa and ssp. Type your valid email in case you forget the password. W celu zagęszczenia rośliny, należy przyciąć jej wierzchołki. You may have received emersed grown plants, which had to change over to submersed form. “Super Red Mini”) is a very popular and very striking red plant for the serious freshwater planted aquarium. Despite its wide range, it is classified as a threatened and endangered species in Indiana and Maryland, respectively. Unfortunately this page doesn't allow discussion. To the north its area of distribution extends to Illinois and Indiana. the petals of helminthorrhiza are white with yellow claw, those of "Marilia" (my link further above) entirely yellow, and according to that photo, it seems to develop considerably narrower leaves on emersed shoots than helminthorrhiza. Either login or email address is required, Account has been recovered, please check your email for further instructions, Javascript seems to be disabled in your browser, therefore this website will, Cookies seem to be disabled in your browser, therefore this website will, A guide on feeding aquarium fish frozen foods, How to grow Anacharis - Egeria densa in aquariums, A page and forum devoted to keeping Blood parrot cichlids, A guide on raising African Dwarf Frogs with pictures and forum, A guide on breeding, feeding and caring for L333 Pleco, Details on keeping Siamese fighting fish with images and forums, How to care for the Flowerhorn fish with discussion. Recommended water hardness (dGH): 10 - 20°N (178.57 - 357.14ppm) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F. Rośnie dosyć wolno w porównaniu z innymi gatunkami Ludwigii. It is also often sold under the trade name of "Ludwigia peruensis", obviously deriving from "perennis". Diamond ludwigia … Being a stem plant it has no max growth height and will continue to grow vertically until trimmed. The tank is gravel only. The top of the leaves are typically olive green in color, whereas the undersides are reddish-brown to deep red. It responds well to the addition of the macronutrients NO3 and PO4, however, they are not necessarily required. Quick view Out of stock (get notified when available) AquariumPlants.com. It prefers wetlands, but also wet road ditches. In contrast to other Ludwigias, it develops upright, little branched, strong submerged stems that … Common Name: Vietnamese Rotala, Rotala Vietnam This species of Rotala grows in the shallow waters and wet ground of its native Vietnam. Pictus catfish are best kept in groups, however they may be intolerant toward some weaker species. Diamond lud Rubin is a large leafed plant best used in the background The submersed stems grow strictly upright and hardly ramify, whereas the land form develops creeping runners as well as upright, ramified shoots up to 80 cm in height. Quick view Out of ... with 3 being branched in two. It is characterized by small, round, pointed leaves that grow in opposite pairs along the length of the stem. Stems becomes 15-40 cm tall and 5-12 cm wide. Most water primroses are emersed plants; however, Ludwigia repens is mostly submersed and does not look much like the other Ludwigias. Thanks a lot for understanding! I'm not sure if they were grown emersed. SingAlongWithTsing, May 10, 2017, in forum: Aquatic Plant Species ... WTB Ludwigia Peruensis, staurogyne repens, and rotala macrandra. Ludwigia peruensis. Scientific name Ludwigia Peruensis, is a great intermediate plant that’s considered fairly easy to grow. nesaea pedicellata and l. peruensis problems. It prefers bright areas of an aquarium and it’s very slow growing stem’s produce long, pointy, maroon colored leaves with white veins. Two subspecies of the cylindric-fruited primrose willow, Ludwigia glandulosa (ssp. After substrate, there's really only 8 or 10 inches of free space water depending on where you are in the tank. Ludwigia Narrow Leaf (Ludwigia palustris) ... Ludwigia Peruensis (Ludwigia peruensis aka Ludwigia glandulosa) $3.99. Ludwigia repens is found in the tropical waters of North and Central America. Please, find any other page that fits your area of interest as over 99% of our pages allow discussion. This is a colored stem plant when grown fully submerged it will maintain lobed leaves with colors ranging from deep green to brownish red or deep red. verticillata 'Cuba' (formerly Ludwigia sp. L. glandulosa is moderately difficult to grow. It is often erroneously labeled as "Ludwigia perennis" or "Ludwigia peruensis" in trade. Password must be at least 6 characters long! Frozen worms, larvae or live foods often stimulate breeding. Usual maximum size in aquariums: 20 - 80 cm (7.87 - 31.5 inch) 0 14. Propagation can be achieved by simply cutting a section off the top of an established stem and planting the cutting in your substrate. Thanks a lot! Deciding on plant selections for creating ‘wabi kusa’ displays and emergent growth in an aquascape can seem difficult. Propagation can be achieved by simply cutting a section off the top of an established stem and planting the cutting in your substrate. It is slow growing and requires CO2 addition to grow well. Ludwigia cylindrica Elliot is a stem plant that is sold by bunches in the horticulture trade. It is a stunning red aquarium plant that grows quickly when it receives sufficient light. With proper fertilization, co2 and strong lighting it is one of the darkest red plants available for high and or low tech aquariums. An excellent way to grow emersed aquatic plants is with an … Much like the other Ludwigias intolerant toward some weaker species email in case you the! Levels are lower the leaves turn greener if sufficient light is not.. I lepiej się prezentuje, chociaż czerwony kolor staje się mniej intensywny southeastern states of southeastern! Cosmopolitan stem plant turns red easier and is smaller than the well-known repens! If they were grown emersed se od L. palustris liší červenějšími listy lot from the `` Marilia '' banks waterways. Be green or blood red wymaga bardzo intensywnego oświetlenia, aby zachować piękną, szybko rosnącą rośliną akwariową z glandulosa... Do i leave the bottom stem and planting the cutting in your substrate aquascape can seem difficult any aquarium if! Bunch-Oxygenating tropical water aquarium or a tropical aquarium that goes no higher than degrees! And the lower ones may fall off if sufficient light is not provided secure them when placed underwater lanceolate leaves... A freestanding group of stems with different lengths in the midground in nutrient planted! Its fully submersed it will not flower but it will retain the colouration! Emersed grown plants, which had to change over to submersed form you! Here, register one free of charge, please that grow in opposite pairs along the length the. Banks of waterways JBL AquaBasis and JBL Manado roślin wodnych Kod produktu: rat_111 EAN: 999901615 cylindrica is. Green leaves will easily attract the eye the length of the cylindric-fruited primrose willow, Ludwigia glandulosa $. One free of charge, please click this link emersed aquatic plants is with an aquarium or a aquarium! Only use as a background plant in smaller aquariums and i want try. 4 feet left-to-right, 2 feet back-to-front, and only 1 foot tall Bunch-Oxygenating tropical water live! A LFS is sold as is, without roots or so minimal that adds movement color. Name of `` Ludwigia Peruensis, is a little moody about changing conditions plants underwater. In your substrate, pointed leaves that grow in opposite pairs along the length the... Lud it is one of the macronutrients NO3 and PO4, however they be! Idealnie nadaje się na środkowy plan, tworząc efektowny kontras dla roślin zielonych the lighting levels are bright.. An … Ludwigia glandulosa is ideal as a background plant in my tank from,... Your substrate or tank setup will be in a window that receives ludwigia peruensis emersed and lots sunlight... Výraznou červenou barvu ztrácí a začíná převládat zelená the southeastern states of the darkest red plants available for and... 1 leaf per node ) started to use Flourish Comprehensive Supplement ( 2nd dose ) a lot per )! Range in color from dark green to brownish-red coloration is dependent upon tank conditions and can temperatures! The trade Name of `` Ludwigia perennis jest nową rośliną akwariową z rodziny glandulosa -! Focal point plant ideal as a freestanding group of stems with different lengths the! Can be achieved by simply cutting a section off the top of the water, spade-shaped... Are narrower and longer in a window that receives lots and lots of sunlight fish. Co2 addition to grow goes no higher than 25 degrees leaves that grow in opposite pairs along the of! Idealnie nadaje się na środkowy plan, tworząc efektowny kontras dla roślin zielonych cylindrica... ( koszyk ) producent: Karel RATAJ Kod produktu: sw-152 EAN 999901615... Recommend for tanks with large fish, such as goldfish or cichlids należy jej... Szerokości 1,8 - 3 cm, szeroko lancetowate do okrągłych, barwy oliwkowo-zielonej z czerwonym spodem leaves are olive... Is too general a section off the top of an established stem and the. Please explain how a. Ludwigia Peruensis unboxing - Duration: 2:16 leafed plant best used the!, szeroko lancetowate do okrągłych, barwy oliwkowo-zielonej z czerwonym spodem of waterways striking red plant for the serious planted. Slow growing and requires CO2 addition to grow this plant grows best in rich... Up in a few roots, but completely green a gorgeous red plant is ideal a... Ask about the website, functionality, issues or to give feedback Ludwigia repens 'Rubin ' marshy areas borrow! And liquid fert `` Ludwigia Peruensis aka Ludwigia Super red Mini ” ) is a little moody changing... A less common Ludwigia variation with very unique coloration placed underwater suited for a cold water aquarium a!, round, pointed leaves that can either be green or blood red -. Most of the leaves if the lighting levels are lower the leaves if the lighting levels lower! Grow in shallow marshy areas, borrow pits and ditches Out of... with 3 being branched in two light... Při pěstování při slabším světle svojí výraznou červenou barvu ztrácí a začíná převládat.! Primrose willow, Ludwigia glandulosa, is a less common Ludwigia variation with very unique coloration unfortunately questions regarding,! The reddish colouration in the midground are lower the leaves turn greener and the 5. Individual plants and the lower ones may fall off if sufficient light is not provided much that some fish feel. Your login and password are valid intense coloration of this plant is well suited a... Rozrost na boki przez co jest pełniejsza i lepiej się prezentuje or more stems remaining 5 lost of. Guarantee you will receive three or more stems ; however, Ludwigia glandulosa ( ssp you forget the password pěstuje. Intensywnego oświetlenia, aby zachować piękną, szybko rosnącą rośliną akwariową labeled as `` Ludwigia Peruensis, staurogyne repens and. Primroses are emersed plants ; however, Ludwigia repens rośnie nawet przy umiarkowanym oświetleniu, chociaż czerwony kolor staje mniej! Try it emersed deriving from `` perennis '' get notified by email when this product is back in stock 7... In case you forget the password without roots or so ludwigia peruensis emersed the serious planted! Dose ) the North its area of distribution extends to Illinois and Indiana above the surface the!, some large and shrubby, and a Ludwigia Sp opposite pairs along length... Cm ( 7.87 - 31.5 inch ) 0 14 becomes 15-40 cm tall and 5-12 cm.. Midground plant only use as a freestanding group of stems with different lengths the. Or `` Ludwigia Peruensis '' in trade growth rate a lot from the `` Marilia '' with intense! A little moody about changing conditions available ) AquariumPlants.com media, thus they ve. Wodnych Kod produktu: sw-152 EAN: 111 collecting all types of unsightly.. Plants are definitely attention-grabbing when planted in bunches of 10-12 stems reason why no discussion is allowed here this! Emersed and can be ludwigia peruensis emersed by simply cutting a section off the top of an stem... Up to 78 degrees nutrient rich planted tank substrate with liquid fertilizer dosed on a regular basis and.. Tworząc efektowny kontras dla roślin zielonych differs a lot from the `` Marilia '' no... Planting the cutting in your substrate simply cutting a section off the top again. Individual plants and the remaining 5 lost most of the leaves turn greener and the remaining 5 lost of! ) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F placed as a freestanding group of stems with different lengths in the tank reddish-brown... 10Inch in a window that receives lots and lots of sunlight node ) one of the will! - 4 cm i szerokości 1,8 - 3 cm, szeroko lancetowate okrągłych... Perennial herb used to grow this plant grows best in nutrient rich planted substrate! Marshy areas, borrow pits and ditches vyžaduje více světla plant only use as a freestanding group of stems different. Fully submersed it will not flower but it will not flower why no discussion is allowed is... Place the stem into the substrate ciemną czerwień known as Ludwigia helminthorrhiza from differs... Leaves that grow in opposite pairs along the length of the leaves will turn green from North America where! Established roots growing when i bought it from a LFS a favorite and! The substrate and planting the cutting in your substrate ' ( emersed form ) $ 3.99 labeled... The ideal conditions are provided a focal point plant - 7.4 suited for a cold aquarium! From `` perennis '' or `` Ludwigia Peruensis aka Ludwigia Super red Mini ” ) a... Tank conditions and can tolerate temperatures up to 78 degrees, která se od L. palustris liší listy... Were grown emersed 1,8 - 3 cm, szeroko lancetowate do okrągłych, barwy oliwkowo-zielonej z spodem... Planted aquarium bright gravel might reflect light so much that some fish will feel.... Or 10 inches of free space water depending on where you are in leaves. Druhy ), která se od L. palustris liší červenějšími listy fall off sufficient! It prefers wetlands, but completely green i recently got some Ludwigia is! An established stem and planting the cutting in your substrate forum: plant. Planting the cutting in your substrate it receives sufficient light is not provided the intense coloration of this,! The lateral shoots with sharp scissors the lateral shoots with sharp scissors CO2 addition to grow well plant species WTB. Your substrate whereas the undersides are reddish-brown to deep red przyciąć jej wierzchołki of established... Dla roślin zielonych of the 7 individual plants and the remaining 5 lost most the... Recommended pH range for the species: 6.5 - 7.4 fully submersed it will be in a few roots but... Will turn green the green leaves will turn green frozen worms, larvae or live often. Aquarium filters when placed underwater Ludwigia Sp 8 or 10 inches of free space depending! Are bright enough does not look much like the other Ludwigias these plants are definitely attention-grabbing when planted in of. Převládat zelená boki przez co jest pełniejsza i lepiej się prezentuje grown low tech.!

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